Do some research on the country of Ethiopia and discuss:
- Who in the Ethiopian society has the most difficult time dealing with scarcity?
- What do they need most?
- How can their society provide for their wants and needs?
- Why are they so impoverished?
- What can their governments do to help, or hinder their country’s development?
- Could not Ethiopia become a world class producer and exporter of goods? How would Ethiopia compare with Japan? Japan is a country relatively POOR in natural resources, yet it is an economic world powerhouse. What are the differences between the two countries?
STUDENT #1 RESPONSE:
Professor and classmates,
In my research I found that the agriculture and food security in Ethiopia is low. “Meanwhile, population growth to date has led to notably small farm sizes, with Ethiopia’s land tenure rules compounding the challenge. Land degradation and deforestation are major problems.” (cic.nyu.edu/…/evans_security_ethiop…). The would affect the farmers and people in that nation. What the need is a way to get water to their crops. The fields are rain feed and not irrigated. Plus, they need to have access to electricity which they have trouble getting. This reduces the productivity for farmer’s to move forward. The government is helping the farmer’s with “access to credit, farmers’ cooperatives, and the need to make the agriculture system more demand-driven.” (cic.nyu.edu/…/evans_security_ethiop…). The government does not recognize that water and energy growth is not sustainable. The government can help the farmer’ by putting irrigation systems in and providing electricity. If the government does not help the farmer’s out then Ethiopia will stay in the same situation. Ethiopia could become a world class producer is given the chance. With the help of the government the nation could export their greatest food source, banana’s. Like Japan does with it rice. Japan specializes in toys, mechanics, electronic product and their earnings in the exportations of minerals in turn helps the economy. Ethiopia does not have the resources to produce toys, mechanics, electronics to other countries.
STUDENT #2 RESPONSE
Hello Class and Prof,
I believe the children of Ethiopia have the most difficult time dealing with scarcity. Children are spending their time in the field instead of schools. Which is causing a lack of education in Ethiopia. With the shortage of water to bathe many children have died because of sickness and infections.
I believe Ethiopians need water the most because it entails their daily lives. Ethiopians face water shortages, poor sanitation, and lack of clean water. Drought and politics are the two leading causes of water shortage. Droughts have affected several areas of the country including ponds, wells, streams, and lakes drying up or becoming extremely shallow. These water sources are often contaminated with human and animal waste, worms, or diseases. There is not enough water for people to bathe leading to sickness and infection.
Ethiopian farmers don’t have access to water for irrigation because of the way the river was divided up hundreds of years ago. The global warming has caused the rainy season in Ethiopia to become shorter. Fields are drying up and farmers are fighting over irrigation resources.
Better fed people can contribute longer to economic growth and raise the country’s GDP. They will have healthier children who are educated raising the human capital of the country.
Ethiopians are so impoverished because they don’t have any institutions that support prosperity. Doing business in their country is extremely difficult. If an Ethiopian has a great idea then they stay poor because no one will finance it.
Ethiopian needs institutions that encourage smart ideas and finance it. The government needs to limit bureaucratic procedures that Ethiopians have to go through. Also the government can help to irrigate their field for the crops, especially in the drought season.
Ethiopia could become a world class producer if given the chance. With the help of the government they could export the majority of food. Japan is a major export of rice. They also specialize in toys, electronics, and etc. Their earnings in the exportations of minerals helps the economy. Both countries could be world class with their natural resources, but Japan is different when it comes to electronics. Japan is also world class producer when it comes to electronics.