Write a Persuasive Speech on the topic below;
Topic: Should the morning-after pill be banned?
1. Type of Speech: Persuasive Speech (write for or against)
2. Organizational Pattern: Use the Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
3. References: Cite five (5) references throughout the speech
4. Outline: Full Sentence (outline consists of 4 pages – 4th page is the reference page only)
MONROE’S MOTIVATED SEQUENCE
I. ATTENTION STEP: Get the attention of your audience. This can be done with a detailed story, shocking example, dramatic statistic, quote, etc. This is part of your introduction (in addition to stating your thesis, giving a preview of your main points, mentioning your credibility, and telling your audience why the topic is of concern to them).
II. NEED STEP: Show the problem exists; that it is a significant problem, and that it won’t go away by itself. Document your statements with statistics, examples, etc.
A. Statement of Need – clear statement of what the problem entails.
B. Illustration of Need – stories to give listeners an initial idea of the problem’s seriousness and scope.
C. Ramification – give numbers
D. Pointing – why this audience should care (“we are all high school students”)
III. SATISFACTION STEP: Offer solutions for the problem you have shown exist in the Need Step. Address and refute possible objections that might be presented against your solution, but concentrate on positive aspects of your plan.
A. Statement of Solution – Statement of the attitude, belief, or action that you wish the audience to adopt to solve the problem.
B. Explanation – Explain your solution to the audience
C. Demonstration – Demonstrate to your audience how your solution logically meets the problem pointed out in the need step
D. Workability- present examples showing that this solution has worked effectively in the past or that this solution has been advocated by experts in the field.
E. Meeting Objections -Answer possible objectives that might be raised
A. With Plan-what good things will happen with your plan?
B. Without Plan-what bad things will happen if your plan is not adopted?
V. ACTION STEP: Offer alternatives to your audience that they can do personally to help solve the problem you have shown exist. Motivate us to get out and do something! Wrap up loose ends by giving a review of the thesis, repeating main points, and closing with an impact. Again, be very specific and very realistic.
A. What the audience themselves can do to solve the problem
B. What YOU will do or what you are doing to solve the problem
Attention Getter: How do you feel when you have to wait for something you really, really want? What if it was something you couldn’t live without? Well, my cousin was five years old when he found out he needed a new kidney.
Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to donate their organs and tissues when they die and to act upon their decision to donate.
Overview: Today I’d like to talk to you about first, the need for organ donors in our area, second, how you can become an organ donor after you die, and finally, how your family and organ donor recipients benefit from your donation.
Connect with the audience: One of the people on the waiting list for an organ transplant might be someone you know.
Thesis Statement: The need is constantly growing for organ donors and it is very simple to be an organ donor when you die.
Transition: I’ll begin by telling you about the need for organ donors.
I. People around the world but also right here in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Illinois, need organ transplants and they need our help.
A. The problem is that there is a lack of organs and organ donors who make organ transplantation possible.
1. There is a need for many organs and tissues such as the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, pancreas, bone, skin, heart valves, and blood vessels (Iowa Statewide Organ Procurement Organization undated brochure).
2. A new name is added to the national waiting list every 16 minutes. That means that 3 people will be added to the list during the time we are in class today.
Transition: I’m sure that you can see the need for people like you to donate your organs. The majority of this class has already said they would like to donate their organs when they die. But you might be asking, well, how can I make sure my organs are donated after I die? Let me tell you.
II. This is how you go about making sure your organs are donated.
A. Talk with your family about your decision. They will be involved in the donation arrangements when you die. If they do not know your wishes of becoming a donor, your wishes may never be carried out.
B. Mark your driver’s license so that your license indicates your intent to donate. Each state varies.
1. Fill out, sign and carry a uniform donor’s card with you.
2. This donor card says what organs you wish to have donated and also has places for your family members to sign as witnesses after you have discussed your decision with them (Gundersen Lutheran Hospital [LaCrosse, WI] undated brochure).
Transition: You can see that it isn’t difficult to be an organ donor. Now let’s look at what may happen if you choose to donate your organs and what may happen if you choose not to.
III. Organ donation benefits both the donor’s family and the recipients.
A. If you do donate your organs, your family and the people who receive your organs might benefit in a similar way like this family. A seventeen year old died of head injuries in a car accident. His mom decided to donate his organs. His heart went to a prison chaplain, his kidneys went to a mother of 5 children and a Vietnam vet. The Vietnam vet is “energetic” and finally is getting his college degree. The teenager gave life to others and his family feels a sense of satisfaction and comfort that other lives have been touched by his (University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics 1991 brochure).
B. The problem arises when you are thinking about becoming a donor but never do anything about it. Then, no one knows your wishes and your organs will not be donated. The consequences of this are more people waiting for organs and there will still be an incredible shortage of available organs.
Transition: As you can easily see, donating your organs can be one of the most important decisions you ever make and also the greatest gift you could ever give.
I’ve told you about the need for organ donors in our area, how you can become an organ donor after you die, and finally, how your family and organ recipients benefit from your donation. You become a donor by talking to your family and making sure they know you want to be a donor, fill out and sign a donor’s card, and indicate your wishes on your driver’s license.
Connect back with the Audience: What if the person waiting on the list needing an organ transplant was someone you loved? Imagine if you had a brother or sister who had unexpectedly died and you were able to meet the person who received their heart, for example. Think of the satisfaction and possible comfort knowing that your brother or sister provided life for somebody else.
Clincher/Call-to Action: I’m going to leave you with a short message from Michael Jordan who is a sponsor for the Iowa Life Gift Coalition on Organ and Tissue Donor Awareness and appears in their 1996 brochure. “Please make the decision to become an organ and tissue donor. Remember: Share your life. Share your decision.”