The highly contagious novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 also called coronavirus disease of 2019…



The highly contagious novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 also called coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) is

a global health emergency of unprecedented proportions. The ongoing loss of life globally as well as the virus’

ability to spread rapidly through communities, has generated a need for significant changes to the foundations

of the well and least developed countries. In the last few months, political leaders globally have been making

new announcements to respond to COVID-19 impacts, on both people and the economy. These have been crucial

steps to ensure public safety and financial stabilization. As it stands now, nobody knows how long this crisis

will last, but we do know that when it finally recedes our world will look very different. This crisis has not just

created new disasters, it has exposed the flaws of our existing system. Several leaders have done well including

few female leaders like Taiwan’s president, Tsai Ing-wen; New Zealand’s prime minister, Jacinda Ardern; the

German chancellor, Angela Merkel; and Denmark’s prime minister Mette Frederiksen.

In the case of Ghana, the Ghanaian government has so far followed a step-by-step model, including initiating

travel restrictions outside the country, restrictions on events and on places of social gathering including

churches, schools, restaurants, theatres and gyms and now currently just lifted a 21-day partial locked down in

two of the most affected regions in Ghana. Inequality in Ghana meant that now, in this time of deep need, we

risk sacrificing the health and safety of vulnerable people for whom the social safety net has been weakened.

Several proposals, both economic and health related are suggested to assist the entire nation. Health care

workers and security personnel have become heroes. Government has been asked to show leadership in

transforming or restoring the economy to one that works toward well-being for all as it takes steps to gradually

relax the restrictions. It is believed that the brighter side to the crisis is the momentum and opportunity to shift

our systems to prioritize our care and wellbeing in the long run.

a. Explain how decisional and informational roles of leaders can influence the effective management of

the COVID-19 crisis in Ghana. (4 marks)

b. In the management of the health crisis, how can technical, human, and conceptual skills be relevant for

the Minister of health to enable him rally around health workers? (4 marks)

c. The internal and external environment will cause changes for companies in Ghana (Large, Medium, and

small-Scale Enterprises) during this crisis. Explain (4 marks)

d. Discuss two (2) ways by which transformational leadership style can be relevant to the management of

the crisis at all levels of management. (4 marks)

e. Explain four (4) ways by which scientific management play a role in the management of a modern crisis

such as the COVID-19. (4 marks)


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