Possible topics for the second History 3B paper (7 pages)
1. The Crusades represent a significant moment of contact between Muslims and
European Christians that would shape the relationship between the two for
centuries. What were the social, cultural, and political forces that led to the
Crusades? What were the outcomes of these military campaigns? How was Europe
changed by the Crusades?
2. Although the Protestant Reformation may have begun as a reform movement, it
unleashed a wave of change that swept across Europe. Why did Protestantism
spread so far so quickly? What did the Catholic Church do in response? In what
ways was Protestant an both a reflection and cause of the changes that occurred in
the course of the 16th century?