Use the Internet or the Strayer Library to research articles on the age of the juvenile delinquency, and take notes on the methods that the juvenile court system takes to impose criminal liability upon a juvenile delinquent. Be prepared to discuss.
According to the text, all crimes have two essential elements: (1) the physical act or omission (i.e., actus reus) and (2) a mental requirement known as criminal intent or purpose (i.e., mens rea). Compare and contrast the required elements of liability as an aider and abettor in the commission of a crime versus the required elements of criminal liability under the common design or plan. Provide one (1) example of each liability in question to support your response.
From the e-Activity, discuss the ages at which a child may be held responsible for violation of a criminal law. Distinguish between the method of imposing criminal liability upon a child under age seven (7) and a child of age fourteen (14). Include one (1) example of each method to support your response.
RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT:
According to the National Juvenile Defender Center (2016), the age at which a child may be held criminally liable differs among the states. Thirty-one states codify an actual numeric age ranging from six to ten years of age. However, the remaining nineteen states have no statutory age restriction. Pennsylvania, uses a balanced restorative justice model to consider the community and competency while holding the juvenile offender accountable. Typically, children between the ages of ten and eighteen are charged via the juvenile justice system.
In Pennsylvania, children under the age of seven are referred to child welfare services for evaluation and treatment options. It is largely impossible to infer that a child under the age of seven could form the requisite intent to commit a crime or fathom the ramifications of their actions or the circumstances of their punishment. In these cases, the child’s criminal liability is not able to be proven. Instead, the child welfare agency is responsible for investigating treatment options such as counseling, education and mentoring to help the child develop.