The essay should be 500+ words, single-spaced in a 12-point font, and conform to MLA or APA styles, including parenthetical citations and footnoted references. The essay should demonstrate understanding and thoughtful reflection on a topic that speaks to the mission of this course. That is, it should reflect your ability to place the topic into the context of daily life.
Essay (500+ words):
Explain, in detail, the following:
Why did Islam and the Arabs succeed in spreading throughout the Greater Middle East/Gulf against the Byzantines and Persians? What were the military successes of the Omayyad and Abbasids Arab Empires?