In some cultures and religious traditions, having choices can pose ethical dilemmas that force people to examine their most basic philosophical positions (Molloy, 2013). Religious beliefs for both nurse and patients can significantly influence care and its outcome. The relationship between religion and nursing will enhance nursing practice that is ethical and respectful of personal values (Fowler, 2012). Religious beliefs not only provide a patient with explanations and meaning and ways of cognitively coping but also guidance. Prayers and other religious practices can become enormously important for those seeking the Divine during health challenges.Nurses need to recognize and strive to support positive, healthful religious beliefs and practices of patients. I feel the material covered in this course is that nursing neglects religion. The society today is multi-cultures, religions, and ethnicities.We need to know our patient’s cultural and religious beliefs so we can support their beliefs because that can impact our patients plan of care.Organ Transplantation: Do we have an obligation to donate our body parts for transplantation? No, we don’t have an obligation but organ donation and transplantation have changed over the years from being experimental and heroic to be the only treatment of choice for diseased organs.Transplantation offers hope for people that are in need of improving the quality of life. It is the personal choice to be an organ donor and organ recipient. Is it ethical for people to sell parts of their bodies before or after death? It is not ethical to sell body parts on the “black market” but organ trafficking and transplant tourism are widespread. Hinduism, as we learned, has a strong belief in life after death and rebirth. Could organ donation and transplant reflect this concept? For the Islamic views on organ transplantation, “the majority of the Muslims scholars belonging to various schools of Islamic law have invoked the principle of priority of saving human life and have permitted the organ transplant a necessity to procure the noble end (Sachedina, 2005).” Most religions today permit, allow and support organ donation and transplant but there are variations in specific views.Ethical termination of adult life:End of life issues is religiously, emotionally, and politically. During the past few decades, people have struggled to identify the right circumstances under which life-sustaining medical treatment should be discontinued (Sachedina, 2013). Religious and psychological issues contribute to any decisions that lead to the termination of life. Death with Dignity and Respect is not only a legal and ethical issue but is also a cultural and spiritual issue as well. Do individuals have the right to end, their own lives and do they have the right to end the lives of others, such as spouses, relatives, or friends? In the 1960s, the Living Wills began and today all 50 states recognize the living wills as a legal document. Along with Advance Healthcare Directive, a document to let people state their wishes for end-of-life care should they are unable to communicate their decisions. We as nurses might not like some decisions but, we need to follow their wishes and support their religious beliefs and rituals for end-of-life. People have the right to make their own decisions on the termination of life we don’t have the right to make that decision unless we know the person wishes and have the proxy to do so.
The modern influences on the further of religion have a lot to do with secularization. Secularization actually suits what was captured by Sigmund Freud’s famous book The Future of an Illusion. Religion in the modern world faces both challenge and inevitable change (Molloy, 2013).
Fowler, M. D. M., (2012). Religion, Religious Ethics, and Nursing.New York:Springer Publishing Company. Retrieved from http://search-ebscohot-com.chamberuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=409117&site=eds-live&scope=site (Links to an external site.)
Molloy, M., (2013). Experiencing the World’sReligions: Tradition, Challenge, and Change. (6th ed.).New York City, NY:McGraw-Hill
Sachedina, A. (2005). End-of-life: the Islamic view. Lancet, 366 North American Edition (9487), 774-779. Retrieved from https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=106327535&site=eds-live&scope=site (Links to an external site.)